Pyramid Texts of UNAS
van den Dungen
of the tomb l
ca. 2.75m x 2.08m
TO THE IMPERISHABLES
The 9 texts in the corridor read from South to North, as it were away from the
tomb chambers, going out. They consist of two sequences running on opposite
walls arranged in such a way that both have exactely 20 lines of text. Although
often called "entrance", this corridor is more like an "exit" by means of which
the king finally leaves the pyramid and ascends to the Northern Stars, his
Structural parts :
1. The Bolt of Babi
King Unas opens the double doors of the sky and gains power over water and the
fertility throughout Egypt. Babi is a guardian of the threshold between our
world and that of the deities. Babi draws back the bolt and Unas
identifies with him to ascend. Finally, he is identified with Horus
and then with Sobek, the crocodile god, associated with the coming of the Nile
2. Companionship with Re
Unas has realized himself and has power over Earth & sky. He unites the Two
Lands and is the cause of the rising of plants. The mercy and peace on the back
of Osiris are brought to him and with them he rises to the sky, so that "King
Unas may escort Re in the sky".
These last texts connect the ascension of the divine king with fertility.
Indeed, by ascending to the sky, the king assures the coming of the vital
inundation. If deceased and as a companion of Re, he intercedes on behalf of his
son Horus, the new king. If his reign is acknowledged by the pantheon, a "good"
Nile will be the outcome and the royal cycle may start all over again.